Japan auto executives hope for US recovery
By YURI KAGEYAMA,AP Business Writer AP - 1 hour 35 minutes ago
TOKYO - Japan auto executives gathered for an annual New Year's party Monday expressed hopes for a U.S. turnaround and a strengthening dollar to fix the faltering global market.
Japan's export-dependent automakers have been battered by the slowdown in the U.S. set off by the financial crisis last year. The rising yen has also hurt the companies. The dollar, which had cost 113 yen a year ago, is trading at about 90 yen lately, a 13-year low.
Despite the hard times, the annual event at a Tokyo hotel hosted by the Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, which groups this nation's automakers, was packed with suited businessmen and other guests eager to start the new year by networking toward a recovery.
Takeo Fukui, president and chief executive of Japan's No. 2 automaker, Honda Motor Co., said he hoped the global economy had bottomed out. Tokyo-based Honda has its hopes on the hybrid Insight set to go on sale later this year, he said, but the main problems were the U.S. downturn and the weak dollar.
"First of all, the U.S. market has to recover," he told reporters. "The yen is at an abnormally high level. The Japanese economy needs its export industries."
Honda, which makes the Odyssey minivan and Accord sedan, has cut production to adjust to slowing demand, and slashed its profit forecast for the fiscal year ending in March to 185 billion yen ($2.0 billion), less than a third of its previous year's earnings.
Japan's top automaker Toyota Motor Corp. isn't faring any better, toppling into its first operating loss in 70 years.
Toyota, which makes the Prius gas-electric hybrid and Camry sedan, is forecasting a net profit of 50 billion yen ($555 million), down drastically from the 1.7 trillion yen earned the previous year.
"We tried to create a business that can withstand currency fluctuations, but the latest changes have been too much," said Toyota President Katsuaki Watanabe.
Toyota's Honorary Chairman, Shoichiro Toyoda, a member of the company's founding family, stressed the importance of an American recovery.
"We are all in trouble without an American recovery," he told The Associated Press. "The American economy has a big impact on the world."
Nissan Motor Co., which is expecting a 160 billion yen ($1.6 billion) profit for the fiscal year through March 31, down 67 percent from the previous year, is also hoping for a U.S. recovery.
In past years, the overall U.S. market has totaled about 16 million vehicles, peaking at 17 million in 2000. That has shrunk to 11 million vehicles, according to some estimates for last year.
Nissan Chief Operating Officer Toshiyuki Shiga said such low levels couldn't last forever because of the historic size of the U.S. auto market and the growing population there.
"The recovery will get moving once financing problems settle down and American individual consumer sentiments start looking up," he said.
Although Japanese automakers have been trying to expand in new markets _ such as China, Brazil and Russia _ those markets are still small. The Japanese market has been sluggish for years, but the stagnation has worsened since the U.S. crisis.
Japan sales of new vehicles fell to 3.2 million vehicles last year, the lowest in 34 years, the Japan Automobile Dealers Association said Monday.
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